Crystal Transportation System Information Page

Though, no actions are specifically planned, the City of Crystal welcomes input on a variety of traffic-related issues.

IMPORTANT TRAFFIC TOPICS
Speeding on Residential Streets: The following video is designed to enhance people's perception of vehicle speed within a residential setting.

Zipper Merge: Wherever lane closures occur on a multi-lane road during construction season, use the zipper merge.

On-street Parking: Currently, parking is restricted on all City streets between 2 and 5 a.m. year around. The Council seeks input from residents on this restriction.
Pavement Marking: The City is responsible for maintaining the pavement markings (refreshing lines on an as-needed basis) on City streets. Generally speaking, markings have an expected life of three to seven years, depending on the road type and associated and wear and tear. The City uses the following types of pavement markings: yellow centerline, white lane lines, pavement messages (turn arrows for example), white edge lines, stop bars, crosswalks and railroad crossing markings. The yearly budget for pavement markings is $8,000. The following is the range of pricing that the City can receive from contractors to do the work:
   - Yellow center lines ($0.35 to $0.50 per ft.).
   - White lane and edge lines ($0.35 to $0.90 per ft.)
   - Pavement messages ($100 to $200 each)
   - Stop bars ($6 to $20 per ft.)
   - Crosswalks ($61 to $90 per rectangle)
   - Railroad crossing markings ($200 to $300 each


Video illustrating whether parking lanes have an impact on driver behavior and safety at Louisiana Ave. and 43rd Ave.


Video showing 5 to 6 p.m. traffic on four different types of streets in Crystal.

Traffic Control: All traffic control devices (signs, traffic signals, pavement markings) are regulated by the Minnesota Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MnMUTCD). This is done to provide uniform methods of communicating with drivers across Minnesota. The MnMUTCD also is in compliance with the national Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. These documents are what make stop signs in Minnesota the same as stop signs in California.
The City of Crystal has over 3,000 signs in the City and budgets $3,600 per year to cover maintenance materials costs. The life expectancy of signs can range from around 10 to 30 (or more) years.
All signs must do five things: fulfill a need, command attention, convey a clear and simple meaning, command respect from road users, give adequate time for proper response. In order for a sign to be placed on a City street, it must meet these requirements (sometimes referred to as being warranted). Depending on the sign, there is specific guidance or requirements in order for a sign to be warranted. For example, for a stop location, it is generally required that one of the following is occurring:
   A) Vehicle traffic on the main street is more than 6,000 vehicles per day.
   B) A restricted view exists that requires road users to stop in order to adequately observe conflicting traffic on the through street.
   C) Crash records show three or more crashes, which may have been correctable with a stop sign, within a 12-month period, or five or more crashes in a two-year period.
With regards to non-motorized traffic, upgrades at traffic signals could include the remote push button stations, countdown timers for the crosswalks, and improved pedestrian ramps. All of these improvements are focused on improving the sidewalk system, including making them more accessible for users.
Street Maintenance: Street maintenance includes pavement maintenance (skim patching and patching), pavement rehabilitation (mill and overlay); and winter maintenance such as plowing and applying salt, sand and/or chemicals.
Sidewalks and Crosswalks: New sidewalks are part of street reconstructions and are traditionally opposed by the community. Also, sidewalks are an additional maintenance cost which includes removing trip edges and replacing panels. Regarding crosswalks, the City has $8,000 in the budget for pavement markings annually: One crosswalk block is $50. Crosswalks are $250 per leg or $1,000 per intersection. A 32’ wide street will have about five crosswalk blocks per leg.
Heavy Trucks: The City of Crystal has invested millions of dollars into street reconstruction. Studies have shown that the biggest wear and tear on streets is commercial truck traffic. To help reduce the wear and tear, commercial vehicles have weight restrictions that vary throughout the year with the different seasons. Enforcement of these weight restrictions is primarily through the use of weight scales used by specially trained law enforcement officers.
In addition to the wear and tear on streets, crashes involving commercial vehicles have the potential to do a lot of damage and cause significant injury. Beyond checking the weight of commercial vehicles, specially trained officers also look for equipment violations that may contribute to or cause accidents and are, therefore, a safety concern. The City of Crystal has one officer who is certified as a commercial vehicle inspector.
While most City streets are residential, a number of them are classified as State Aid streets. These streets are designed to carry truck traffic in support of the local transportation network.

OTHER IMPORTANT LINKS
Active Living Hennepin County
Metro Transit
Balance of Access and Mobility
Metropolitan Council Functional Classification
The Effects of Heavy Vehicles on Roadways
Reducing Collisions with Heavy Trucks